Their mandate, reinforced by Resolution 1721 of 1st November 2006, defines their mission within the framework of the crisis-resolution in Côte d’Ivoire. UNPOL is thus responsible for establishing a police presence in the country in order to create an atmosphere of security for the population, advise local authorities on the restructuring of the security services, and make its professional skills available to the local police and gendarmerie. Their security role goes hand in hand with the organization of peaceful and transparent elections. Besides these main tasks, UNPOL is involved in the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration process. It also lends support to reconstruction and socioeconomic development activities.
It equally participates in monitoring the arms embargo and ensures the security of the population through the organization of joint patrols following the dismantling of the and its replacement by the . Under the former regime, the joint patrols brought together units of the former Defense and Security Forces (FDS), the defunct Armed Forces of the Forces Nouvelles (FAFN) and UNPOL. UNPOL also participates in humanitarian operations in Cote d’Ivoire.